rust-sysfs-gpio crate, is this also compatible with Ardunio?
If you able to run Linux on Arduino () then yes.
I don’t think Linux runs on Arduino, it doesn’t even have an OS.
That’s not correct. Arduino (in this context) is a library, and you can write a library that has the same API for any system: http://nvsl.github.io/PiDuino_Library/
However, sysfs does the same kind of abstraction as the Arduino library (just in a very different way), so it doesn’t make sense to use both at the same time.