It's a bit hard to answer this because I've been programming for a while now, but I think the fact that Rust makes programmers think about a lot of details up front instead of deferring them until later (when you've hopefully gained more experience) will make it a bit harder to learn.
Especially when you are still trying to figure out what variables and functions are.
A dynamically typed language like Python is usually a lot easier to start with.
Rust is the #1 most popular language for dealing with blockchain in the world.
It's gotten to the point that adding "Rust" to your LinkedIn is an almost guaranteed way to have crypto recruiters sending you messages every week or so.
Rust is really good when you care about details/correctness in your algorithms or high performance. References and lifetimes and slices give you a lot of control over your code, plus Rust's enums make it very easy to model different states in a way that you won't accidentally mess things up.
Go is really good for writing concurrent programs and rapid iteration, and it trades off a lot of control for nice things like garbage collection. The primary target for the language was web servers at companies like Google, so Go is pretty nice for anything that needs to interact with the web.
If we use cars as an analogy, I would say Rust is a Chevroet Corvette and Go is a Toyota Corolla. The Corolla isn't flashy, but it's your typical car that everyone understands and will get the job done okay. On the other hand, the Corvette is really nice to drive and really fast, but it also requires a better driver and more skilled mechanics to maintain it.
For me, Go feels a lot like the language you would use in a big company with armies of coders in cubicles, whereas Rust is the language used by a small team of geniuses at NASA.
I believe Rust powers a good chunk of Microft Azure and Amazon Web Services. It's also making its way into the Linux kernel, pluis Android's bluetooth stack and part of their security system (keystore 2.0) is written in Rust.
Discord also switched from Go to Rust in 2020.