Put dependencies in .rs file


In D it's possible to do this:

#!/usr/bin/env dub
/+ dub.sdl:
name "hello_vibed"
dependency "vibe-d" version="~>0.8.0"
void main()
    import vibe.d;
    listenHTTP(":8080", (req, res) {
        res.writeBody("Hello, World: " ~ req.path);

(Example from dlang.org front page)

Meaning, the dependency is specified in the source code itself, and the entire project can consist of just one file. There is also a shebang to make it executable and runnable as a script.

Is it possible to do this in Rust/Cargo, i.e. avoid needing to create a Cargo.toml, src directory etc.?

You can make 1-file programs when you compile them with rustc directly, but they won't have access to any dependencies unless you install them and specify them on the command line yourself.

You can avoid the src directory by setting [[bin]] path= in Cargo.toml

But you can't avoid Cargo.toml if you want dependencies handled for you automatically. Cargo and rustc are separate tools, and Cargo chose not to parse Rust code.

Yes, you can use cargo-script.


Thank you, that is great. (I guess it's only fitting that it was written by a former D developer, heh.)

However, I can't get it to work when adding a second file:


pub fn hello() {
    println!("Hello, world!");


mod hello;

fn main() {

rustc works fine, but run-cargo-script test.rs fails with:

   Compiling test v0.1.0 (file:///home/.../.cargo/.cargo/script-cache/file-test-1a393d922911dcf6)
error[E0583]: file not found for module `hello`
 --> test.rs:1:5
1 | mod hello;
  |     ^^^^^
  = help: name the file either hello.rs or hello/mod.rs inside the directory ""

error: aborting due to previous error

For more information about this error, try `rustc --explain E0583`.
error: Could not compile `test`.

In D, this works with the rdmd tool. Is there a Rust equivalent, or am I doing something wrong?