Is there a vector append that consumes the second vector?


let mut a = vec![1,2,3];
let mut b = vec![4,5];

a.append(&mut b);

b is empty, but it still exists.

I have come to love this characteristic of Rust that variables that shouldn't be used anymore are actually gone and I have found that most library functions come in a flavor that consumes (moves) their input values. Because of that a.append(&mut b) feels a bit strange. Is there an a.append(b) that I'm just not seeing or is there a particular reason against having that?

If your goal is to keep the memory of b around with the same capacity, you can use the drain method and pass the result to extend.

a.extend(b.drain(..)) should work

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No, quite the opposite, I want b gone. I now realized I could just do

a.append(&mut b);

to tell myself that b is not useful anymore.

And if b is a temporary instead of a variable it is dropped there anyway.

I see. I'm on my phone, so a bit slow to read the docs, so I didn't realize what append actually does. You could also use a.extend(b) to consume b.


Indeed, b becomes an iterator automatically.

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